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Review on Direct-Contact Membrane Distillation and Supercritical CO2 Brayton CycleSystems for Water Cogeneration

Ashutosh Kumar* 

Journal of Advanced Mechanical Sciences. 2022 Dec 27; 1(4): 137-142


             Membrane distillation is a new desalination process that uses low-grade heat to produce clean water. Membrane distillation (MD), in contrast to energy conversion with reverse osmosis, uses the excess heat produced by the Brayton cycle for desalination processes without the need for great energy. The Brayton cycle of sCO2 is viewed as a viable key motivator of the integrated power system, heating, and cooling, with the potential to boost efficacy. Because of its compact construction and great efficiency, in recent decades, it has been used forseveral heat sources. In this study, a literature study was conducted related to membrane distillation with a direct-contact process and a closed Brayton cycle of supercritical CO2 for the cogeneration of water.


Membrane distillation, Direct contact membrane distillation, Cogeneration, Supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle.


[1] Xu, J., Liang, Y., Luo, X., Chen, J., Yang, Z., & Chen, Y. (2021). Design and optimization of integrated direct-contact membrane distillation and supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle systems for water cogeneration. Journal of Cleaner Production, 329, 129696.

[2] Okati, V., Moghadam, A. J., Farzaneh-Gord, M., & Moein-Jahromi, M. (2022). Thermo-economical and environmental analyses of a Direct Contact Membrane Distillation (DCMD) performance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 340, 130613.

[3] Lisboa, K. M., de Moraes, D. B., Naveira-Cotta, C. P., & Cotta, R. M. (2021). Analysis of the membrane effects on the energy efficiency of water desalination in a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) system with heat recovery. Applied Thermal Engineering, 182, 116063.

[4] Alharbi, S., Elsayed, M. L., & Chow, L. C. (2020). Exergoeconomic analysis and optimization of an integrated system of supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle and multi-effect desalination. Energy, 197, 117225.

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[6] Chen, Q., Burhan, M., Akhtar, F. H., Ybyraiymkul, D., Shahzad, M. W., Li, Y., & Ng, K. C. (2021). A decentralized water/electricity cogeneration system integrating concentrated photovoltaic/thermal collectors and vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation. Energy, 230, 120852.

[7] Choi, J., Cho, H., Choi, Y., & Lee, S. (2022). Combination of computational fluid dynamics and design of experiments to optimize modules for direct contact membrane distillation. Desalination, 524, 115460.

[8] Ismail, M. S., Mohamed, A. M., Poggio, D., Walker, M., & Pourkashanian, M. (2022). Modelling mass transport within the membrane of direct contact membrane distillation modules used for desalination and wastewater treatment: Scrutinising assumptions. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 45, 102460.

[9] Yang, Y., Huang, Y., Jiang, P., & Zhu, Y. (2020). Multi-objective optimization of combined cooling, heating, and power systems with supercritical CO2 recompression Brayton cycle. Applied Energy, 271, 115189.

[10] Kouta, A., Al-Sulaiman, F., Atif, M., & Marshad, S. B. (2016). Entropy, exergy, and cost analyses of solar driven cogeneration systems using supercritical CO2 Brayton cycles and MEE-TVC desalination system. Energy Conversion and Management, 115, 253-264.

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[12] Zhu, W., Ge, Y., Zhu, X., & Han, J. (2022). Performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cell integrated with direct contact membrane distillation for electricity and fresh water productions. Desalination, 529, 115642.

[13] Maestre-Cambronel, D., Barros, J. G., Gonzalez-Quiroga, A., Bula, A., & Duarte-Forero, J. (2021). Thermoeconomic analysis of improved exhaust waste heat recovery system for natural gas engine based on Vortex Tube heat booster and supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 47, 101355.

[14] Zhao, Q., Zhang, H., & Hu, Z. (2020). Hybridizing photovoltaic cell with direct contact membrane distillation for electricity and freshwater cogeneration: Concept and performance evaluation. Desalination, 496, 114701.

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